Military Fly Over
The missing man formation is an aerial salute performed as part of a flyover of aircraft at a funeral or memorial event, typically in memory of a fallen pilot. The formation is often called the "missing man flyby" or "flypast".
Military flyovers are not part of the Funeral Honors ceremony as required by Title 10, Section 1491 United States Code, but can be arranged if supporting personnel and aircraft are available.
It should be noted up front that requests for a military flyover are simply that, requests, and that approval for such requests must go through an administrative process within each Military Service. Approval is contingent on many factors including the military status of the deceased, the availability of personnel and aircraft, the location of the funeral service, the time and date of the funeral, and weather conditions.